Of circa 700 native orchid species in Europe are circa 70 species to be found in Germany too. Several species are relative widespreaded, uncomplicated and can partly to be found along roadsides, in cemeteries, parks and gardens. These inconspicuous species are for botanical laymen almost not to recognize as orchid. However, the overwhelming majority of native orchids are rare to very rare and partly threatened with extinction. Of several species are only a few dozen locations known, which have often a small number of individuals. Especially for most attractive species this is the case.
Only a few species are more or less equal widespreaded in Germany, most species are only to be found massed in one or a few German regions. I present you on this site some, concerning native orchids, very interesting regions, which host numerous species.
The Kaiserstuhl as an old and extinct volcano is a very special valuable region. Many xerothermic plants grow on it and in its surrounding along the Rhine Graben, which is favored by warmth. You can often find dry grasslands with a remarkable flora, such as on the Badberg. Here are numerous rare orchid species to be found. Most species have a Mediterranean distribution focus and often reach Germany only in its southwestern regions. The Monkey Orchid (Orchis simia) as well as the Violet Limodore (Limodorum abortivum), a very rare species, of which it should be only 500 plants in Germany, according to estimates, are almost only to be found along the Rhine. Other species as the Man Orchid (Aceras anthropophorum) and the Small Spider Orchid (Ophrys araneola) are also to be found in other warm German regions. Especially the Mediterranean Pyramidal Orchid (Anacamptis pyramidalis) and the Lizard Orchid (Himantoglossum hircinum) show an increasing distribution to the East the last years to decades. I do not want to state whether this is an indication for the controversial discussed global warming. But remarkable is their increasing distribution contrary to the general trend in native orchids.